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You will have the most effective protection about two weeks after your final dose. In total, it can take about six weeks (from first dose to second) to become completely protected from COVID-19 after vaccination. The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are only fully effective if you get both doses. If you only get one dose, you may not be fully protected against COVID-19, but you may still benefit from added protection. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine only requires one dose.
No vaccine or medicine can offer 100% protection, but they are worthwhile and easy methods of protection. While breakthrough cases are emerging in vaccinated people due to the Delta variant or other factors, statistics show that the vaccines are working. The CDC reports that vaccinated people with breakthrough COVID cases experience less serious symptoms, and are statistically less likely to become hospitalized or die.
Last Reviewed: 8/20/21
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Yes, the vaccines are safe, vetted by state and federal experts, and authorized for public use. In fact, the CDC reports that the COVID-19 vaccines have undergone the most intense safety monitoring in U.S. history.
All vaccines undergo rigorous clinical trials to test their safety and effectiveness, including vaccines for COVID-19. The manufacturers must present required data, which is then thoroughly reviewed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After a vaccine is authorized or approved for use, many safety monitoring systems are in place to watch for possible side effects.
Last Reviewed: 10/25/21
No vaccine can offer 100% protection, but the vaccines have shown to be incredibly effective in preventing people from getting seriously sick with COVID-19. Though breakthrough infections are possible (and are expected), evidence shows that fully vaccinated people with a breakthrough infection are less likely to develop serious illness than those who are unvaccinated and get COVID-19.
The more people are vaccinated, and the fewer chances for someone to be exposed to and get COVID-19, the less likely we are to see breakthrough cases. We have seen a small amount of breakthrough cases compared to the millions of people who have been vaccinated.
There is no way to know how COVID-19 will affect you personally. Though many people with COVID-19 only experience a mild illness, others may develop a severe illness, have long-term health effects, or die. Being vaccinated is the most effective way to help end the pandemic and prevent serious, tragic outcomes.
Last Reviewed: 12/14/21
The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) is not issuing replacement CDC cards at this time, but you can obtain your records from the Minnesota Immunization Information Connection (MIIC) in a variety of ways listed below. Your MIIC record will have the same information as your CDC vaccination card. MIIC is an immunization information system (IIS) that combines a person's immunizations into a single record, even if they were given by different health care providers in the state.
Option 1) Use the Docket AppMinnesotans can now easily access their MIIC immunization record through their smartphones or other mobile devices by using an MDH-approved app called Docket. Docket also allows you to conveniently export a PDF with your records and email it to yourself. To get started, download the free app by searching "Docket" in your app store.
Option 2) Submit a MIIC RequestMDH is experiencing a high volume of requests, so you will likely experience delays. Using the Docket app instead is highly recommended. Once you submit a MIIC request, MDH will send records to you within 21 business days. A parent or legal guardian can request records for children under 18. Individuals over 18 must request their own record. You cannot request a record for your spouse/partner.
Option 3) Call Our Hotline - For Scott County clients onlyIf you were vaccinated by Scott County Public Health and have questions about your COVID-19 vaccination record, please contact the Hotline. Please note that we cannot search for your records if you were vaccinated by other providers.
Who can get a booster shot right now?The current vaccines continue to provide highly effective protection against COVID-19, but booster doses will help maximize their effectiveness. According to MDH, Minnesotans ages 16 can get a booster shot. The timing depends on the vaccine you initially received:
Will Scott County be offering big clinics again to provide boosters?At this time, no. COVID-19 vaccines are now widely available through pharmacies and healthcare providers, so we encourage folks to take advantage of those opportunities. We are focused on reaching populations with the greatest need, including the uninsured and the under-insured. We continue to work with community partners to identify vaccination opportunities. All vaccination opportunities are posted on our webpage under the "Upcoming Clinics" menu.
I heard I can mix-and-match my booster shot. Is this true?Yes, health officials also authorized “mixing and matching” COVID-19 vaccine boosters for adults 18 and older. This means adults 18+ eligible for a booster shot can get any of the three currently authorized or approved vaccines (Pfizer, Moderna, Johnson & Johnson), regardless of what dose they received for their primary series. Teens aged 16 & 17 must get a Pfizer booster. (Source: MDH - About COVID-19 Boosters)
I received a Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Will you offer J&J boosters?At this time, we don't plan to offer J&J boosters. We invite J&J recipients to take a Moderna or Pfizer booster instead, since mix-and-match options are now medically approved.
Yes, you should still get vaccinated if you previously had COVID-19. The vaccine will help prevent you from other COVID-19 variants and reinfection.
Source: Minnesota Dept. of Health - If I had COVID-19
No. There is no pork, gelatin, or other animal products in the COVID-19 vaccines. The COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective and can prevent you from getting a severe case of COVID-19.Last Reviewed: 8/21/21
No, there are no live or inactive coronavirus cells in any approved COVID-19 vaccine.
While vaccination offers significant protection, no vaccine is 100% effective. There are still situations where face masks and social distancing are sensible, effective methods of protection. Breakthrough infections are expected, and new COVID-19 variants are emerging, such as the Delta variant. Federal, state, or local laws may require masks, and businesses may set their own masking requirements.
It is still important to:
The State of Minnesota will not broadly require COVID-19 vaccines, but your employer or other private businesses might have their own requirements. Please consult with your employer regarding their policies.
No, we will provide anyone a vaccine regardless of residency (with exceptions for specific clinics). Please check ahead with Scott County Public Health to see if we have your preferred vaccine available: 952-818-3730
COVID-19 vaccines may be given to people with underlying medical conditions, as long as they are not allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. Please speak with your doctor to learn what's right for you, and to get recommendations based on your condition.
Source: Minnesota Dept. of Health - Considerations for Special Populations